Heat Sensor Circuit | Operating Principle of Heat Sensor Circuit Diagram

Heat Sensor Circuit | Operating Principle of Heat Sensor Circuit Diagram

The main function of the heat sensor circuit is to sense heat. Which is located on this side of the sensor. When the temperature exceeds a certain value it is displayed with the help of a flashing LED. Heat sensor circuits are used in various places such as in all our computers and in large high tech kitchen etc.

Excessive heat can damage a computer or equipment in a high-tech kitchen. It senses this heat when the temperature around the heat sensor exceeds its specified temperature. Gives a hint. So that we can keep our devices safe. Using heat sensors we sense heat from various electronic devices such as amplifiers, computers, etc., and thus generate warning alarms.

Operating Principle of Heat Sensor Circuit Diagram:

A simple diagram of the heat sensor is shown below. The BC548 transistor, thermistor (110 ohms) is one of the few components used in heat sensors. A clear explanation of these components is given below.

Heat Sensor Circuit | Operating Principle of Heat Sensor Circuit Diagram

110 Ohms Thermistor: This thermistor is used to detect heat.

Buzzer: Buzzer is between the + 9V battery and the collector terminal of the transistor. The alarm sounds when the temperature rises above the set value.

Zener Diode: 4.7 V Zener Diode is used to control emitter current.

BC548: BC548 is an NPN-type transistor. This transistor can be replaced by other transistors like 2N2222, BC168, BC238, BC183 as the characteristics of the transistor shown above are almost the same.

R1, R2: 100 ohms 1/4 d is used as R2, and 3.3 or 1/4 d resistor is used as R1.

9V Battery: This battery is used to power the circuit.

Switch: In this circuit SPST switch (Single Pole Single Throw) is used. It is your choice to use this switch is not mandatory.

In the above circuit 100 ohms, resistors and thermistors are connected in series. If the thermistor is of negative temperature coefficient type then its resistance decreases after heating the thermistor. And more current flows through the thermistor. This results in a higher voltage across the resistance junction and the thermister.

Is applied to the NPN transistor by the voltage resistance of the output. emitter voltage is maintained at 4.7 V by a Zenor diode. This voltage is used as a comparable voltage. If the base voltage is greater than the emitter voltage, the transistor carries it. If the transistor receives more than 4.7 V base voltage, it operates and completes the circuit through a buzzer and produces noise.

Heat Detector:

A heat detector is a fire alarm system device that detects fire or heat in the atmosphere. Changes in heat that exceed the limits of the heat sensor are detected by the heat sensor. To avoid a serious accident such as a fire, the heat sensor produces a signal that gives instructions and helps prevent fire damage.

Also Read: What is Limit switch | Working Principle Of Limit switch | Application of Limit switch

Heat Detector Circuit:

The heat sensor is used with Heat Detector Circuit. It is designed to represent changes in fire and temperature. It is used as a fire warning. It is classified into two sections based on its operation which are as follows.

  • Fixed Temperature Heat Detectors.
  • The Rate of Rising Heat Detectors.

#1. Fixed Temperature Heat Detectors:

Heat Sensor Circuit | Operating Principle of Heat Sensor Circuit Diagram

This heat detector uses two heat-sensitive thermocouples. One thermocouple reacts to the temperature of the surrounding atmosphere while the other thermocouple is used to monitor heat, which is transferred by radiation or convection. The heat detector operates regardless of the starting temperature. The temperature rises from 12˚ to 15˚F per minute. This detector can also be operated with low-temperature fire conditions. If the type of heat detector threshold value is determined.

#2. The Rate of Rising Heat Detectors:

Heat Sensor Circuit | Operating Principle of Heat Sensor Circuit Diagram

This does not respond to low energy light rates that deliberately develop a fire. This compound detector adds a fixed temperature element that is used to detect slowly developing fires. This element reacts whenever a fixed temperature element reaches the threshold. Usually electrically connected fixed temperature point 136.4˚F or 58˚C.

Temperature Sensor:

It senses the heat generated by any system or thing. Which allows us to detect or detect any physical change due to the temperature generated by analog or digital output. Depending on the application, temperature sensors are classified into different types with different characteristics. There are two basic types of temperature sensors.

Contact Temperature Sensor Types–These types of sensors are widely used to detect liquids, solids, or gases. The temperature sensor needs to be physically in contact with the object. And it uses conduction to monitor changes in temperature.

Non-contact Temperature Sensor Types–This type of sensor uses temperature sensor radiation on and convection to monitor changes in temperature. These types of sensors are used to detect gates and liquids that emit radiant energy. Which is transmitted in the form of infra-red radiation.

Also Read: Star Delta Starter Working Principle | Types of Star Delta Starter | Star Delta Starter Theory

Temperature Sensor Circuit:

The temperature sensor circuit diagram is shown below. LM 35 is used as a temperature sensor in this circuit. The main function of this sensor is to detect a certain centigrade temperature.

Heat Sensor Circuit | Operating Principle of Heat Sensor Circuit Diagram

The linearity of the IC sensor with the opposite accuracy from the thermister has very good accuracy at 0.5 સે C and a sufficient range of temperature. Its output is comparable to Celsius temperature. The IC temperature operating range is -55 ° C to + 150 ° C.

It draws just over 50 µA from its supply and the main characteristics are self-heating and <0.1 degrees centigrade in air. The IC operating voltage ranges from 4 volts to 30 volts, and the output is 10mv°C.

In this circuit, the voltage can be set to IC pin 2 using a potentiometer. The circuit can be designed to activate or deactivate the device at specific edge temperatures. Temperature can be indicated using two LEDs called green LEDs

If the output temperature of the secondary exceeds 10 mV / માં, then this changing voltage is the supply of the IC 741 OP amplifier. This is mostly used in integrated circuits. It has two terminals. Such as inverting (input (-)), and non-inverting (output (+)). The 741 op-amps are used as an amplifier in this circuit. This means that the input pin is pin-3, and the Output pin is in. This circuit widens the gap between its input terminals.

Advantages of Temperature Sensor:

The advantages of temperature sensors are as follows:

  • It does not have any effect on the medium.
  • Replies immediately.
  • It has an easily conditioned output.
  • Its accuracy is high.

Also Read: What are Conductors and Insulators | Examples Of Conductors and Insulators | Applications Of Conductors and Insulators

Heat Detector Tester:

The different types of Heat Detector Tester are as follows:

Sr. No. Different Types of Heat Detector Tester
#1. Smoke Detector Test Equipment
#2. Solo 330 Smoke Dispensers
#3. Solo 461 Cordless Heat Tester

#1. Smoke Detector Test Equipment:

This detector uses smoke test aerosol, solo aerosol. This ensures that the detector will not leave any residue and will not be filled with particles. A simple shot blast is enough to set the detector to make an alarm sound. Using the Solo 200 Removal Tool, the detectors can be removed and operated.

#2. Solo 330 Smoke Dispensers:

Solo 330 Smoke Dispensers are light in weight and easy to use and strong. The Solo 330 is primarily made for the purpose of increasing use with the Solo Aerosol. The swing frame and injection molded construction make it an ideal tool for testing. The Solo 330 has features

  • Touch-sensitive.
  • Strong.
  • Spring-filled mechanism.
  • High strength and durability.

#3. Solo 461 Cordless Heat Tester:

The infrared beam is broken with the help of this detector to activate heat generation. Direct is directed into the sensor of the detector. For added security, it shuts off after 5 minutes.

Like this post? Could you share it with your friends?

Suggested Read –

Leave a Comment